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Science 
 Standard 12.Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
  
Topics1. Scientific investigation; 2. Scientific collaboration and communication
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 7.Knows that investigations and public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new knowledge and methods (e.g., arguments must be logical and demonstrate connections between natural phenomena, investigations, and the historical body of scientific knowledge; the methods and procedures used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported to enhance opportunities for further investigation)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  new scientific knowledge
B.  new scientific methods
C.  criteria for acceptance
D.  disclosure of methods and procedures
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that investigations among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new knowledge   
  2. Knows that investigations among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new methods   
  3. Knows that public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria to result in new knowledge   
  4. Knows that public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria to result in new methods   
  5. Knows that arguments must be logical to result in new knowledge and methods   
  6. Knows that arguments must connect natural phenomena, investigations, and historical bodies of scientific knowledge to result in new knowledge and methods   
  7. Knows that methods used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported for future investigations to result in new knowledge and methods   
  8. Knows that procedures used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported for future investigations to result in new knowledge and methods   


Citation Log: BD(2I,13;​IBCI,21;​IBPI,21;​N3I,85;​SE,175,176)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document