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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 12.Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
TopicScientific investigation
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Designs and conducts scientific investigations (e.g., formulates testable hypotheses; identifies and clarifies the method, controls, and variables; analyzes, organizes, and displays data; revises methods and explanations; presents results; receives critical response from others)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  scientific investigation
B.  testable hypothesis
C.  choice of experimental method
D.  choice of experimental controls
E.  choice of experimental variable
F.  data organization
G.  data presentation
H.  data analysis
I.  revision of methods
J.  revision of explanations
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Designs scientific investigations  A   P  
  2. Conducts scientific investigations  A   P  
  3. Formulates testable hypotheses for scientific investigations   
  4. Identifies the method in a scientific investigation   
  5. Clarifies the method in a scientific investigation  A   
  6. Clarifies the chosen controls in a scientific investigations  A   
  7. Clarifies the chosen variables in a scientific investigations  A   
  8. Displays data from a scientific investigation   
  9. Organizes data from a scientific investigation   
  10. Analyzes data from a scientific investigation  A   
  11. Revises methods in a scientific investigation   
  12. Revises explanations in a scientific investigation   
  13. Presents results from a scientific investigation   
  14. Receives critical response from others in a scientific investigation   
  15. Knows that scientific investigations include formulating a testable hypotheses   
  16. Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the method   
  17. Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the controls   
  18. Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the variables   
  19. Knows that scientific investigations include analyzing, organizing, and displaying data   
  20. Knows that scientific investigations include the presentation of results   
  21. Knows that scientific investigations may include revising methods and explanations   
  22. Knows that scientific investigations are subject to critical response from others   

 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

Citation Log: BP(2I,13;​CAE,278-279;​IBCE,20;​IBPE,20;​NEI,49,51;​N3I,85;​NSE,118;​SE,175;​TE,77;​*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document