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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 12.Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
  
TopicScientific data collection/analysis/interpretation
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 8.Evaluates the results of scientific investigations, experiments, observations, theoretical and mathematical models, and explanations proposed by other scientists (e.g., reviewing experimental procedures, examining evidence, identifying faulty reasoning, identifying statements that go beyond the evidence, suggesting alternative explanations)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  experimental procedure evaluation
B.  evidence evaluation
C.  faulty reasoning
D.  statements that go beyond the evidence
E.  alternative explanation of data
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Evaluates the results of scientific investigations by reviewing experimental procedures  A   
  2. Evaluates the results of scientific investigations by examining evidence   
  3. Evaluates the results of scientific investigations by identifying faulty reasoning  A   
  4. Evaluates the results of scientific investigations by identifying statements that go beyond the evidence   
  5. Evaluates the results of scientific investigations by suggesting alternative explanations   P  
  6. Knows that evaluating a proposed scientific explanation includes reviewing experimental procedures  A   P  
  7. Knows that evaluating a proposed scientific explanation includes examining evidence   
  8. Knows that evaluating a proposed scientific explanation includes identifying faulty reasoning   
  9. Knows that evaluating a proposed scientific explanation includes identifying statements that go beyond the evidence   
  10. Knows that evaluating a proposed scientific explanation includes suggesting alternative explanations   P  


 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

Citation Log: BP(2E,299;​CAE,102,150;​IB1E,5.1;​IB2E,20;​NEI,31;​NSE,114,118;​SE,145,148,171;​TE,72,77)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document