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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 12.Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
TopicScientific investigation
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 3.Plans and conducts simple investigations (e.g., formulates a testable question, plans a fair test, makes systematic observations, develops logical conclusions)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  scientific investigation
B.  question formulation
C.  systematic observation
D.  logical conclusion
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Plans simple investigations  A   
  2. Conducts simple investigations   
  3. Formulates a testable question  A   
  4. Plans a fair test  A   
  5. Makes systematic observations  A   
  6. Develops logical conclusions  A   
  7. Knows that scientific investigations include formulating a testable question   
  8. Knows that scientific investigations include making systematic observations   
  9. Knows that scientific investigations include developing logical conclusions   
  10. Understands the concept of a testable question   
  11. Knows what it means to make a systematic observation   
  12. Understands the use of logic in developing conclusions   
McREL Activity(s)
   Conservation of Matter

 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BP(2I,11;​CAE,55,65,78,79;​IB1E,5.1;​N1E,135;​NEI,13;​NSI,118;​SE,122;​TE,76;​*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document