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World History
 Standard 9.Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  Level IV [Grade 9-12]
   Benchmark 1
Understands shifts in the political framework of Roman society (e.g., major phases in the empire's expansion through the 1st century CE; how imperial rule over a vast area transformed Roman society, economy, and culture; the causes and consequences of the transition from Republic to Empire under Augustus in Rome; how Rome governed its provinces from the late Republic to the Empire; how innovations in ancient military technology affected patterns of warfare and empire building)
    Knowledge/skill statement 1
Knows major phases in the Roman Empire’s expansion through the 1st century CE
    
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual
K = Knowledge
S = Skill
P = Performance

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document