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United States History
 Standard 2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  Level III [Grade 7-8]
   Benchmark 1
Understands the immediate and long-term impact of Columbus’ voyages on Native populations and on colonization in the Americas (e.g., Columbus’ interactions with indigenous peoples, the Columbian Exchange, religious influences)
    Knowledge/skill statement 4
Understands the long-term effects of Columbus’ voyages on colonization in the Americas
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual
K = Knowledge
S = Skill
P = Performance

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document