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Science
 Standard 12.Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
  Level III [Grade 6-8]
   Benchmark 3
Designs and conducts a scientific investigation (e.g., formulates hypotheses, designs and executes investigations, interprets data, synthesizes evidence into explanations)
    Knowledge/skill statement 1
Designs scientific investigations
S(NS,244;S,143-144;N8E;N12E;T2E)
    
Related assessment item(s):
     Describe experiment to measure the volume of an object (N8)

Identify method to compare the effectiveness of fertilizers (N8)

Testing for conductivity (N8)

Experimenting with shadows (N8)

Cost of gas v. ethanol (N8)

Paramecia and light (N8)

Design experiment to test whether wave motion disperses oil (N12)

Density of Ring (N12)

Crown: Find the volume of the crown (T2)

Sandy soil to grow plants (T2)

Ramp angle and speed (T2)

Heart rate experiment design (T2)

Comparing trials to test idea. (T2)

Plant/mineral experiment. (T2)

Heart rate changes. (T2)

    
Performance expectation(s):
    Designs an investigation to measure the temperature of water when it changes state (phase diagrams) (NS8, advanced)

Proposes a framework for classifying rocks, based on constituent minerals, texture, and environment of formation (NS8, advanced)

Applies information about consumers and producers to design a self-sustaining terrarium (NS8, proficient)

Designs a method for measuring and comparing the effectiveness of two new types of parachutes to see which is best at slowing the fall of a jumper (NS8, advanced)

Describes how to design an investigation (S)

Establishs and refines the methods, materials, and data to collect (S)

    
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual
K = Knowledge
S = Skill
P = Performance

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document