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Mathematics
 Standard 3.Uses basic and advanced procedures while performing the processes of computation
  Level III [Grade 6-8]
   Benchmark 2
Adds and subtracts fractions with unlike denominators; multiples and divides fractions
    Knowledge/skill statement 1
Adds fractions with unlike denominators
S(ME,214;2I,291;B2E,9;CE,186;PE,17;S2E,54)
    
Related assessment item(s):
     Adding fractions(T2)
Fraction of cake left(T2)
Adding and multiplying fractions (T2)
Adds three fractions with unlike denominators (T2)
Adds and subtracts fractions with unlike denominators in word problem (T2)
    
Common Core Reference:
    4.NF.5; 5.NF.1; 5.NF.2
4.NF.5 Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. For example, express 3/10 as 30/100, and add 3/10 + 4/100 = 34/100.

5.NF.1 Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. For example, 2/3 + 5/4 = 8/12 + 15/12 = 23/12. (In general, a/b + c/d = (ad + bc)/bd.)

5.NF.2 Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7, by observing that 3/7 < 1/2.

    
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual
K = Knowledge
S = Skill
P = Performance

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B1   International Baccalaureate: Math, Primary
B2   International Baccalaureate: Math, Middle
B3   International Baccalaureate: Math, High
C   CBE: Standards for Excellence
C3   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 3
C5   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 5
CB   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: Mathematics and Statistics
CO   CDE: Building Blocks to Colorado’s Content Standards
D   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Mathematics
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
M   NCTM: Principles & Standards for School Mathematics
MA   MDE (Massachusetts): Early Childhood Standards
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
P   NAEP: Mathematics Assessment Framework
PS   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
S1   New Standards: Elementary School
S2   New Standards: Middle School
S3   New Standards: High School
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
T1   TIMSS: Population 1 assessed grade 4 (released 1998)
T2   TIMSS: Population 2 assessed grade 8 (released 1998)
T3   TIMSS: Final Year assessed grade 12 (released 1998)
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document