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McREL Standards Activity

Building a Case for Clues

Purpose:As a result of this activity, students will be able to make, confirm and revise predictions using the reading context.
Related Standard & Benchmarks:
Language Arts
 Standard 5.Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process
   Level II [Grade 3-5]
   Benchmark 3. Makes, confirms, and revises simple predictions about what will be found in a text (e.g., uses prior knowledge and ideas presented in text, illustrations, titles, topic sentences, key words, and foreshadowing clues)
Student Product:Completed chart
Material & Resources:No special resources required for this activity.
Teacher's Note:To keep eager beavers from reading ahead and spoiling the lesson, teachers may wish to read the book aloud to the class. To show the importance of revising predictions, teachers can model revising by responding to the text and thinking aloud as revisions are needed. At the end of the activity, the teacher may choose to individually conference with those students whose predictions are extremely deviant from the actual story.
Students read a story or book one chapter at a time. After each chapter, they write what they think will happen in the next chapter. Students should support their predictions with prior knowledge from the book and other books they’ve read. Thus, teachers may need to ask leading questions to get students to think about "clues" such as foreshadowing, suspense, character traits, and common elements of certain genres (mystery, science fiction, historical fiction, etc.). Students may find it helpful to use a matrix to record their predictions. Label columns with headings such as, "What I think will happen", "Why I think that will happen", and "What really happened". Label rows as chapter 1, chapter 2, etc.